August 26, 1920– The 19th Amendment to United States Constitution takes effect, giving women the right to vote
It has been a hundred years since women were allowed to vote. Now, my sources tell me that a woman ran for President in 2016, and that she received the most votes. By three million!
Working to win over women voters, the president said Tuesday that he will pardon Susan B. Anthony, the Women’s Suffrage leader who was arrested for voting in 1872 in violation of laws that allowed only men to vote.
The president’s support has been eroding among white women in battleground states since 2016, mostly because of his unseemly rhetoric towards females.
The fetid tangerine-hued White Nationalist held a White House event to announce the pardon and sign a proclamation declaring August 2020 as National Suffrage Month. But he and the women he had assembled for the event quickly pivoted to making the moment about his reelection.
“Win, lose or draw, we have to get it right. You can’t have millions and millions of ballots sent all over the place, sent to people that are dead, sent to dogs, cats, sent everywhere.”
Fact: Voter fraud is exceedingly rare. The Brennan Center for Justice ranked the risk of ballot fraud at .0009%, based on studies of past elections.
Only nine states currently have plans for universal mail-in voting, where ballots are sent automatically to registered voters. Oregon, where I live, has been doing it since 1995 with no problems.
The always witty president said he would sign “a full and complete pardon” for Anthony on this, the 100th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th Amendment, which granted women the right to vote. It’s sometimes dubbed the “Susan B. Anthony Amendment”.
In trying to build support within the female voter, his campaign has launched a Women for Trump bus tour.
Anthony was arrested for voting in Rochester, New York, and convicted in a widely publicized trial. Although she refused to pay the fine, the authorities declined to take further action.
Visiting Anthony’s grave site in Rochester on Election Day has become a ritual in recent years. Thousands turned out in 2016 for Hillary Clinton. In 2018, voters showed up by the dozens to put their “I Voted” stickers on her headstone.
Anthony was proud of her arrest. It drew attention to Women’s Rights. I don’t think she would be pleased by the president’s little ploy.
Beginning in the 1800s, women planned, petitioned, and picketed to win the right to vote. Champions of Women’s Voting Rights worked tirelessly, but the strategies for achieving their goal varied. Some worked to pass suffrage acts in each state; nine Western States adopted woman suffrage legislation by 1912. Others challenged the male-only voting laws in the courts. Nasty Women used tactics such as parades, protests, vigils, and strikes. Their opponents jeered, jailed, and sometimes physically accosted them.
The 19th Amendment to United States Constitution is rather simple:
“The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”
The 19th Amendment was drafted by Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and it was first introduced in Congress in 1878 by Senator Aaron A. Sargent of California. 41 years later, in 1919, Congress approved the amendment and submitted it to the states for ratification. It was ratified by the requisite number of states a year later, with Tennessee’s ratification being the final vote needed to add the amendment to the Constitution. In Leser v. Garnett (1922), the Supreme Court rejected claims that the amendment was unconstitutional, using that old “State’s Rights” argument.
There was a real push to get the thing done in time for the 1920 Presidential Elections. It was the first election in which women had the right to vote in all 48 states (in the 1916 presidential election, about 30 states had permitted women to vote). As a result, the total popular vote increased from 18.5 million in 1916 to 30 million in 1920.
Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Alabama, South Carolina, Georgia, Louisiana and Mississippi all rejected the 19th Amendment before finally ratifying it after 1920. It took more than 60 years for 12 other states to ratify it.
Not all women could vote after the 19th Amendment was ratified. Black women were forced to take literacy tests in the Southern states. In 1922, the Supreme Court ruled that Japanese people were ineligible to become naturalized U.S. citizens and, therefore, unable to vote. In 1924, all Asians were forbidden to be citizens. In 1952, Asian-Americans were finally able to become citizens and to vote.
In 1924, Native Americans were granted citizenship, but the states prohibited them from voting. Finally, in 1947, Native Americans were granted the right to vote, but only in New Mexico and Arizona. Until 1957, some states still barred Native Americans from voting.
In 1961, residents in Washington D.C. were granted the right to vote. This did not include African-Americans, who made up nearly half of the district’s population.
The Voting Rights Act Of 1965 prohibited racial discrimination in voting and secured voting rights for minorities including African-Americans, who still struggle to this day to vote in some Southern states.
Georgia finally ratified the 19th Amendment in 1970, and the last state to ratify the Amendment was Mississippi in 1984.